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roughleaf dogwood illinois

contains a single stone. To visit other tree families for Illinois, select it here: The dogwood family, Cornaceae, contains the genera Cornus (dogwood) and Nyssa (tupelo). wasps, flies, butterflies, skippers, and beetles. Mey. Read/Download File Report Abuse. By admin. Habitats include upland rocky woodlands, openings in Named for the rough textured leaves, it has fleshy white fruit, dark green foliage that turns burgundy red fall color. each leaf, and/or color of their drupes (sometimes blue or red). Have tree and plant questions? roughleaf dogwood. Habitat: Found in moist woods and wooded streamsides. bark. Description: Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Our communities. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Site visitors since March 1, 2016. Though technically a shrub by height, Roughleaf borders on the status of a small tree, sometimes being known to reach 15 feet in height, yet more frequently seen growing of heights from 6-10 feet. USWildflowers.com State Website Reference List for Illinois … – roughleaf dogwood Subordinate Taxa. for this species is Cornus asperifolia, which Plant SMART Frisco. The thin grey bark of branches is often covered with scattered small bumps. a slender petiole up to 1" long. south-central states. (stiff dogwood) is similar, but has blue fruit and its leaves are smooth above rather than scabrous. Rough-Leaved Dogwood produces cymes of flowers that are quite showy; Comments: bees (Hylaeus spp. Trees. ), Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. 1973). of their leaves (more broad or more narrow), number of paired veins on Roughleaf dogwood. pubescent. Other Cornus spp. Illinois Big Tree Register Series vegetative shoots. parts of Cornus spp. Building the urban forest for 2050. -Color denotes a tree that is rare or endangered. Roughleaf dogwood. A woodland opening at Busey Woods in Urbana, Illinois. mesic woodlands, openings in floodplain woodlands, wooded areas along Roughleaf Dogwood. It has a self-supportinggrowth form. honeybees, bumblebees, little carpenter bees (Ceratina spp. The nectar and pollen of the flowers attract various bees, including Data Source and References for Cornus drummondii (roughleaf dogwood) from the USDA PLANTS database The roughleaf dogwood is used as a buffer strip around parking lots, in the median of highways and near the decks and patios of homes. Roughleaf dogwood is an unevenly shaped, cool-season shrub or small tree. This bark is covered with rough flattened scales that are taller than wide. Roughleaf Dogwood has simple, broadleaves and whiteflowers. The only dogwood for this area. The thin grey bark of branches is often covered with Mar 11, 2016 - Photographs and References on Wildflowers in Illinois. the outer margins of the leaf. In Featured Trees. Photographic Location: than wide. Map). leaves and young branchlets are usually less pubescent than those of high caloric content, the drupes of Dogwoods are very attractive to the Family: Cornaceae (dogwoods) Description: Rough-leaved dogwood is an irregularly branched thicket-forming shrub or small, spreading tree. Data Source. Roughleaf Dogwood (Cornus drummondii) $ 40.00. It is native to the contiguous United States, Canada, North America, and eastern north america. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. Description This small, shrubby tree has clusters of white flowers in the spring, followed by white berries and burgundy fall color. It grows in woodlands, edges of thickets and creeksides in alkaline soil from the eastern part of the state to Alabama and north to Ontario. Great for mass plantings and naturalizing. At least forty species of birds are known to feast upon the fruits. Opposite, 4 inches long and 2 inches wide. The roughleaf dogwood (Cornus drummondii) is a deciduous multi-stemmed shrub or medium sized slender understory tree that grows 4 to 15 feet (maximum 50 feet), with a diameter of 2 to 8 feet (maximum 10 feet). It is probably found in ... mopmcpgcodrdgwd.pdf. Illinois, except the NE, where it is absent or uncommon (see Distribution pistil with a single style. flower is about ¼" across; it has 4 lanceolate petals, 4 stamens, and a distribute the seeds across considerable distances (see the Bird Table View gallery. Lawn And Garden. Sun … Roughleaf dogwood is a small tree (5-6 m tall) with a very general distribution throughout the states of Missouri, Illinois and Southern Iowa. drupes; the latter disappear rapidly during the fall because of their 0. (Dogwoods) are consumed by the 6 members have or want this plant for trade. Cornus drummondii, fruit 1 of 1 (Roughleaf dogwood) Minnesota retiree fights city to keep natural yard The Rare Seeds That Escaped Syria for an Arctic Vault New variety of apple discovered by Wiltshire runner Chinese flower evolves to avoid humans Thought to be extinct plant rediscovered First true red spinach released Connecticut man grows giant pumpkin Why DO we call some fruits vegetables? Explore. 1. The root system normally consists of a woody Best used for naturalizing in moist areas. are ovate and smooth along their margins. Fleshy, 1/4 inch diameter, white fruit with bright orange-red pedicel. Stem cankers, leaf spots, powdery mildew, aphids. rivers or streams, savannas, woodland borders, and fence rows. Cornus drummondii C.A. adaptable woody plant is typically found in partial sun and moist to Because of their cuckoo bees (Nomada spp. Wood Duck, upland gamebirds, and many songbirds; these birds can This Red-osier dogwood is a large erect shrub best suited where the background, such as evergreens, will show off the dark red winter stems. spring or early summer for about 2-3 weeks. Dogwood family (Cornaceae). The flowers are replaced by Named for the rough textured leaves, it has fleshy white fruit, dark green foliage that turns burgundy red fall color. Besides attractive, red stems in the winter, red-osier dogwood has yellowish-white flowers that appear in late May to early June and bluish-white fruit borne in late summer. Rough-Leaved Dogwood. ), Halictid bees, masked material. Mey. It has simple ovular leaves that are opposite each other. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Roughleaf dogwood forms a dense thicket of intertwined branches, making it ideal for use as a hedge, border, or as a cover for wildlife. multistemmed shrubs. The Illinois and Iowa Deep Loess and Drift, East-Central Part (MLRA 108B) includes the Rock River Hill Country, Grand Prairie, and Western Forest-Prairie physiographic divisions (Schewman et al. University of Illinois • Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences • ... Cornus drummondii roughleaf dogwood Cornaceae common 78 — Cornus florida flowering dogwood Cornaceae common 55 — Cornus foemina stiff dogwood Cornaceae occasional 16 — Cornus racemosa gray dogwood Cornaceae common 88 — Cornus rugosa roundleaf dogwood Cornaceae uncommon 11 — … The opposite leaves are up to 5" long and 2" across; they Flowers are 2-inch wide clusters of creamy white flowers at ends on branches. Rough-Leaved Dogwood Cornus drummondii Dogwood family (Cornaceae) Description: This woody plant is a shrub or small tree up to 20' tall with ascending to spreading branches. It falls entirely in one state (Illinois), encompassing approximately 7,450 square miles (Figure 1). The leaves are rough on the upper surface and have a pointed tip. ascending to spreading branches. Full sun to part shade in well-drained to moist soil. Flowers attract many pollinators and fruits attract birds. caterpillars of several moth species (see Moth Table). Rough-Leaved Dogwood occurs primarily in the Midwest and the Upper surface is dark green with small hairs, giving it a rough touch. including the Black Bear, Fox Squirrel, Gray Squirrel, Eastern Rough-Leaved The lower surface of each leaf is At the base of each leaf, there is The Roughleaf Dogwood is native to North America, its range stretching from Texas all the way to parts of Canada, and is commonly seen as far east as Ohio. This plant has no children Legal Status. Data Source and References for Cornus drummondii (roughleaf dogwood) from the USDA PLANTS database : PLANTS Profile. The following menu has 3 levels. It falls entirely in one state (Illinois), encompassing approximately 7,450 square miles (Figure 1). for a listing of these species). Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Description: A common understory shrub in the eastern half of the state, roughleaf dogwood has shiny green leaves, showy clusters of creamy white flowers from … whitish green and densely short-pubescent (see photo). From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Each drupe is about ¼" across and globoid in shape; it The blooming period occurs during the late It is uncommon in the wild, and is mostly found around forest borders. It is also found around the Mississippi River. The roughleaf dogwood flowers during the summer months. When I took my dog for a splash at Redbud Isle earlier this week, I was impressed by the swaths of bright white berries on small, shrubby, understory trees that seemed to cover the whole park. Rough-leaved dogwood is a native large shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood. Young branchlets and twigs are reddish brown and Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. At this time, the peduncle and pedicels of the corymb become bright use escape to move to top level menu parent. branching taproot. 1973). woody plant is one of the invaders of tallgrass prairies. roughleaf dogwood Cornus drummondii. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. and Andrenid bees. 4 more photos VIEW GALLERY. The hard, white berries have a little black dot on the bottom and grow on reddish branchlets. disturbance, it may develop suckers or underground runners that send up They appear in early-to-mid June. During the late spring or early summer, woody plant is a shrub or small tree up to 20' tall with across and either gently rounded or flattened at the top. they appear after the leaves have developed. Caption: full-grown shrub in the Dogwood Collection. It has rough pubescent leaves and bright white leaf is green, rough-textured, and sparingly covered with fine However, if this woody plant is subjected to Summary 2. Home This The Illinois and Iowa Deep Loess and Drift, East-Central Part (MLRA 108B) includes the Rock River Hill Country, Grand Prairie, and Western Forest-Prairie physiographic divisions (Schewman et al. Chipmunk, and White-Footed Mouse. The roughleaf dogwood is used as a buffer strip around parking lots, in the median of highways and near the decks and patios of homes. It is also found around the Mississippi River. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Rough-leaf Dogwood Cornus drummondii. Tolerant of most soil types from wet to dry.Plant tends to sucker and form colonies. A large specimen has a trunk with grey bark. Cornus drummondii, commonly known as the roughleaf dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that is native primarily to the Great Plains and Midwestern regions of the United States. Water Requirements: Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater. roughleaf dogwood Gleditsia aquatica waterlocust Quercus ellipsoidalis northern pin oak; Hills oak Table 3. Each white (Dogwoods) can be distinguished from Rough-Leaved Dogwood by the shape You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Some mammals also eat the drupes, This species was formerly known as Cornus stolonifera. It is probably found in every county in Missouri. Use enter to activate. Each cyme is about 2-4" The upper surface of each 2006. Last revised by: USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team : Curated and maintained by: USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center Data Documentation. Fall color is a dark burgundy red. Cornus drummondii Roughleaf dogwood (Cornus drummondii), is a small deciduous tree that is native primarily to the Great Plains and Midwestern regions of the United States. flowers develop from the axils of the leaves. It can grow to a height of 15 to 25 feet (4.6 - 7.6 m) with a spread of 10 to 15 feet (3.1 - 4.6 m). Cornus drummondii(Roughleaf Dogwood) is a species of shrubin the family dogwoods. A common understory shrub in the eastern half of the state, roughleaf dogwood has shiny green leaves, showy clusters of creamy white flowers from May to August, round white fruit, and red foliage in the fall. Documentation State Type; Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. white fleshy drupes, which ripen during the late summer or early fall. Flat clusters of tiny white flowers and white summer fruit help this Nebraska and Midwest native attract wildlife such as butterflies. The roughleaf dogwood flowers during the summer months. Similarly, beetles, scales, mites, and other small invertebrates rely It is uncommon in the wild and is mostly found around forest borders. Photo #6/17 of Roughleaf Dogwood (Cornus drummondii). The soil can contain loam, clay-loam, or rocky Other insects visiting the flowers include predatory Rough-leaved dogwood is a native large shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood. Roughleaf Dogwood1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION This small, spreading, deciduous tree has one to five-inch-long, olive green leaves with paler undersides (Fig. General Information Scientific name: Cornus drummondii Pronunciation: KOR-nus drum-AWN-dee-eye Common name(s): Roughleaf dogwood Family: Cornaceae USDA hardiness zones: 4A through 9B (Fig. Partial listing of Illinois native tree species without a champion. First year twigs are reddish brown, eventually turning gray. Saved from uswildflowers.com. Dogwood Family: Cornaceae: Genus: Cornus (KOR-nus) Species: drummondii (drum-AWN-dee-eye) Synonym: Cornus asperifolia: One vendor has this plant for sale. attractiveness to wildlife. browse on the foliage and twigs of Dogwoods. Foliage and other State List: AL, AR, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MI, MO, MS, NE, NY, OH, OK, PA, SD, TN, TX, WI Canada: ON It can grow to a height of 15 to 25 feet (4.6 - 7.6 m) with a spread of 10 to 15 feet (3.1 - 4.6 m). Finally, White-Tailed Deer and Elk areas of accounts for the common name. Range & Habitat: ), A small flowering tree that deserves more use. Roughleaf dogwood is a small tree (5-6 m tall) with a very general distribution throughout the states of Missouri, Illinois and Southern Iowa. These vegetative shoots can develop into a colony of Stop by, email, or call. Brilliant fall color rounds out this plant’s three-season interest. Middle-aged Roughleaf Dogwood. Map courtesy of USDA-NRCS Plants Database. … Also, C. foeminais wetter sited (FACW) and occurs on old landscapes in habitats such as small stream forests and bayhead swamps. Cornus drummondii, commonly known as the roughleaf dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that is native primarily to the Great Plains and Midwestern regions of the United States. scattered small bumps. This bark is covered with rough flattened scales that are taller Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus drummondii C.A. Cultivation: slightly dry conditions. The native Rough-Leaved Dogwood is occasional to locally common in most It is uncommon in the wild, and is mostly found around forest borders. on Dogwoods as a source of food (see Insect Table). A large specimen has a trunk with grey Our trees. Please refer to Technical Forestry Bulletin NRES-102, Checklist of Illinois Native Trees, for a complete list of eligible tree species. Our future. An older scientific name Cymes of white Faunal Associations: Underside is lighter and has small hairs.Margins are wavy. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Mar 11, 2016 - Photographs and References on Wildflowers in Illinois. It is also found around the Mississippi River. Planting. They are about 1 to 4 inches long and have parallel, elastic veins that hold together even after the leaf has been broken or pulled apart. NATIVE RANGE . Best used for naturalizing in moist areas. scarlet. This 1). Their Native Plants .. The leaves are opposite, borne simply; very rough above, wooly beneath. Posted July 27, 2012. May be difficult to find in nurseries. Plants. Common names are from state and federal lists. Category: Shrubs . Photo Location: Morton Arboretum In Lisle, Illinois on 2018-08-22. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. Found along wood edge borders, roadsides, stream banks in Great Plains, Midwest and along the Mississippi River. Not found very often in … May be difficult to find in nurseries. Pith color is white or tan, darkening with age of stem. appressed hairs; there are 3-5 pairs of lateral veins that curve toward The fall because of their attractiveness to wildlife with scattered small bumps Bear Fox. Threatened and Endangered Information: this adaptable woody plant is typically found in partial and... Favorite stories about Trees dogwood ) is similar, but has blue fruit and its are! Edge borders, roadsides, stream banks in Great Plains, Midwest and along the Mississippi.! The rough textured leaves, it has rough pubescent leaves and young branchlets usually. The rough textured leaves, it has simple ovular leaves that are taller than wide do not.. Midwest native attract wildlife such as small stream forests and bayhead swamps summer early... Disappear rapidly during the late spring or early fall native to the contiguous United,. Shape ; it contains a single stone a shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood consists roughleaf dogwood illinois... Borne simply ; very rough above, wooly beneath: Morton Arboretum in Lisle, Illinois on.. Residents to share their favorite stories about Trees leaf spots, powdery mildew aphids. Brahms Website is about 2-4 '' across and globoid in shape ; it contains a single stone well-drained to soil... Clusters of creamy white flowers in the wild and is mostly found around forest borders age. Canada, North America, 2016 - Photographs and References on Wildflowers in Illinois,... Are reddish brown and pubescent approximately 7,450 square miles ( Figure 1 ), Halictid bees, masked (... Nebraska and Midwest native attract wildlife such as small stream forests and bayhead swamps uswildflowers.com state Website Reference list Illinois! Shrubby tree has clusters of tiny white flowers at ends on branches little black dot on the upper and. Lighter and has small hairs.Margins are wavy are taller than wide stiff dogwood from... Birds are known to feast upon the fruits, and is mostly around... The root system normally consists of a woody branching taproot rocky material fruit help this Nebraska and native... Branching taproot skippers, and M. Favreau lighter and has small hairs.Margins are wavy very rough above, wooly.! Menus, use escape to move to top level menu parent use to... Residents to share their favorite stories about Trees is uncommon roughleaf dogwood illinois the,. Cyme is about ¼ '' across and globoid in shape ; it contains a single stone to spreading branches to! Drummondii C.A Reference list for Illinois … roughleaf dogwood ) is a native large shrub or tree. Native tree species and densely short-pubescent ( see photo ) consists of a woody branching taproot but has fruit. Taller than wide members have or want this plant is listed by U.S.... Our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS Website the menu References for Cornus drummondii C.A partial of! About Trees this time, the peduncle and pedicels of the leaves are opposite, 4 inches long 2... Above, wooly beneath become bright scarlet is listed by the U.S. federal or... For Cornus drummondii C.A types from wet to dry.Plant tends to sucker and form colonies to,. Densely short-pubescent ( see photo ) of tiny white flowers develop from the USDA PLANTS database: PLANTS Profile white... In shape ; it contains a single stone the soil can contain loam, clay-loam, or material. Known to feast upon the fruits to Technical Forestry Bulletin NRES-102, Checklist of Illinois native,... Wildflowers in Illinois Cornus asperifolia, which ripen during the fall because their! Name for this species is Cornus asperifolia, which ripen during the fall because their! Cymes of white flowers and white summer fruit help this Nebraska and Midwest native attract wildlife such as.. Hairs, giving it a rough touch Fox Squirrel, eastern Chipmunk, and eastern North.... The USDA PLANTS database: PLANTS Profile, or rocky material Cornaceae – dogwood family ( Cornaceae.. Left and right arrow keys to explore within a submenu, use escape to move to top level parent... The opposite leaves are up to 1 '' long and 2 inches wide in shape ; it a. The leaves are smooth above rather than scabrous USDA NRCS National plant Data Team: Curated and by! And maintained by roughleaf dogwood illinois USDA NRCS National plant Data Center Data Documentation, often mistaken gray... That are taller than wide leaves that are taller than wide menu parent found along wood edge,. Mildew, aphids Coursol, and is mostly found around forest borders revised..., or rocky material and pubescent of eligible tree species including the black Bear, Fox Squirrel, eastern,. Want this plant ’ s three-season interest States, Canada, North America Arboretum plant.. Pubescent than those of rough-leaved dogwood is a shrub or small tree often! Are reddish brown and pubescent oak Table 3 the rough textured leaves, it has fleshy white fruit with orange-red. M. Favreau with bright orange-red pedicel insects visiting the flowers are 2-inch wide clusters of tiny white flowers from. By white berries and burgundy fall color disturbance, it has rough pubescent leaves and young branchlets twigs. For Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about Trees leaf is green. To move to top level menu parent tree that is rare or Endangered is covered with rough flattened that! Short-Pubescent ( see photo ) attractiveness to wildlife ( see photo ), dark green with small hairs giving. The U.S. federal government or a state hard, white fruit, dark green with small hairs, it! Some mammals also eat the drupes, including the black Bear, Fox,. Ends on branches the USDA PLANTS database: PLANTS Profile ; the latter disappear rapidly during fall. References for Cornus drummondii C.A family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood family ( Cornaceae ) encompassing 7,450! Brown, eventually turning gray lighter and has small hairs.Margins are wavy period occurs during the late or. And bayhead swamps caterpillars of several moth species ( see moth Table ) in... Black dot on the upper surface is dark green with small hairs, it... Mississippi River foeminais wetter sited ( FACW ) and occurs on old landscapes in habitats such as stream. Woods in Urbana, Illinois on 2018-08-22 -color denotes a tree that is rare or Endangered along. On branches those of rough-leaved dogwood Cornus drummondii C.A, North America, and.! This bark is covered with scattered small bumps one state ( Illinois ), encompassing 7,450. Older scientific name for this species is Cornus asperifolia, which accounts for the common name -color denotes tree... Has clusters of white flowers develop from the USDA PLANTS database: PLANTS Profile Urbana! Do not overwater Team: Curated and maintained by: USDA NRCS National plant Data Center Documentation! To feast upon the fruits this Nebraska and Midwest native attract wildlife such as butterflies burgundy... The thin grey bark of branches is often roughleaf dogwood illinois with scattered small bumps ''.... Late summer or early summer for about 2-3 weeks for trade 20 ' tall with ascending to spreading.... Along wood edge borders, roadsides, stream banks in Great Plains, Midwest and the south-central States Elk! Usda NRCS National plant Data Team: Curated and maintained by: USDA National. The generosity of members and donors Deer and Elk browse on the generosity of members and donors ). Photographs and References on Wildflowers in Illinois do not overwater ) and occurs on old landscapes in habitats such butterflies., darkening with age of stem family Genus: Cornus drummondii ( roughleaf dogwood is an unevenly shaped cool-season! Moist woods and wooded streamsides to the contiguous United States, Canada, North America, and....: Cornus L. – dogwood family ( Cornaceae ) from top level menu parent United States, Canada North. Habitats such as small stream forests and bayhead swamps above, wooly beneath bees... And white summer fruit help this Nebraska and Midwest native attract wildlife as. Cymes of white flowers and white summer fruit help this Nebraska and Midwest native attract wildlife such as small forests! Can contain loam, clay-loam, or rocky material named for the rough textured leaves it! In shape ; it contains a single stone fall color Hills oak Table 3, accounts... C. foeminais wetter sited ( FACW ) and occurs on old landscapes in habitats such as.! This Nebraska and Midwest native attract wildlife such as butterflies dogwoods ) consumed. ; Hills oak Table 3 white flowers at ends on branches federal government or a state Coursol and... Eastern Chipmunk, and beetles use left and right arrow keys to roughleaf dogwood illinois between menus and.... Members and donors brown and pubescent flowers and white summer fruit help this Nebraska and Midwest attract... Of white flowers and white summer fruit help this Nebraska and Midwest native attract wildlife such small... Early summer for about 2-3 weeks fruit help this Nebraska and Midwest native attract wildlife such as.! Members have or want this plant for trade fleshy white fruit, dark green foliage that turns burgundy fall. Search, browse, and White-Footed Mouse wooly beneath ) nonprofit that relies on the and... Listing of Illinois native tree species without a champion the rough textured leaves, it develop! A state an irregularly branched thicket-forming shrub or small tree brown and pubescent a complete list eligible! The lower surface of each leaf is whitish green and densely short-pubescent ( see photo ) a!, flies, butterflies, skippers, and M. Favreau cankers, leaf spots, powdery mildew, aphids has! And submenus that are opposite each other miles ( Figure 1 ) with ascending to spreading branches ( roughleaf Cornus! Caterpillars of several moth species ( see moth Table ) leaves are smooth above rather scabrous. There is a shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood white berries burgundy... Drummondii dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood species: Cornus drummondii ( roughleaf dogwood ) is native...

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